In the warm waters around forty species of fish that belong to the family Exocoetidae. Fish from this family can be seen in tropical waters, and the largest number of different species living in the waters of the Caribbean sea. These fish have one main difference from all others – they know how to fly. The members of the family Exocoetidae can soar above the surface of the water and overcome this way sometimes distances of several hundred meters.
These small fish and the largest individuals reach sizes up to 45 inches. These fish are very hard fins that are in shape very much resemble wings. Their tail is sharp and they have clinophobia form. Different types of structure pravikov may slightly differ. For example, Exocoetus volitant two wings and pectoral fins in his size greatly increased, but Cypselurus califiornicus all four wings and enlarged breast and even the back fins.
The name flying fish are some not accurate, because flying involves flapping wings, to be exact, the fish of this family with their fin-wings flying over the water. When the fish is under water, it picks up speed. Under water it moves parallel to the water surface and during movement pressed her wings to the body. The wings begin to unfold in the moment when the tail is in water, it gives the fish an extra push. The tail of a flying fish off the water when developing the necessary speed. At this point the field starts. Speed flying fish in the flying time is approximately 16 km/h.
Sometimes fish do not single and serial jumps, during which the tail is immersed into water several times. Large, strong flying species of fish in the state for one guy to travel great distances, reaching 180 meters. Sometimes a series jumps can take up to 40-43 seconds. At this time the fish is able to fly at a distance of 400 meters.
Nature has enabled these fish to fly so that they could avoid the predator. Fish jump out of the water at a decent height. Individuals of this family are often found fishermen in the morning at the stern of their ships.
Flying fish is one of the delicacies, has a pleasant taste and dense texture. Very much appreciate the fish and its caviar in Japan. Because of the unusual taste, but also due to a rare ability to fly these kinds of fish caught by man in large quantity. This led to the fact that many species of the family Exocoetidae are now on the verge of extinction. Governmental authorities in many of the Islands were forbidden to eat flying fish to eat, but that doesn’t stop poachers. It should say that artificially breeding these fish is very difficult and some even impossible, because they simply die in captivity.