Under the collective name of soma mean — more than 2,000 species of baleen variety of fishes from 31 families. Most of them inhabit freshwater reservoirs 5 continents (only 1% of marine residents). Only in the rivers and lakes of South America is home to about 1000 species. often the body of the fish is covered with bony plates, or protected by spikes. Thanks to the auxiliary respiratory organs (skin, outgrowths of the Gill bars, etc.) soma is not drawoutline to oxygen. They are predominantly benthic lifestyle returnee also be armed and at night.
Ordinary som belongs to a 5-meter high giants, and a parasitic catfish no larger than 2.5 cm Elektroniskie soma can cause significant shocks, and castkova, kilbowie, etc. the vibration fins, swim bladder, etc. can make sounds. Attached to the bottom substrate by using the suction cups loricaria. security, etc. are held in swift current And blind Satan, Trogloglanis (South America) and Ugittflanis (Africa) settled deep underground in caves and artesian basins. Among them are quite transparent glass Physailia catfish, Tandanus, Parailia and others). Continue reading
Jellyfish, sea anemones, coral polyps, annelid worms, sea cucumbers, sea urchins, starfish, sponges can “burn” or stabbing of a person in contact with them. The range of consequences — from burning the skin before the heart stops.
The most venomous jellyfish is the sea wasp, lives off the coast of Australia. The venom of this beautiful jellyfish paralyzes the heart muscle, death occurs within 1-3 minutes. It seems to be a normal jellyfish light green in color but very poisonous. Its 60 tentacles, each a little less than 40 cm long, has 5,000 flowing down the stings and venom enough to kill 60 people. Australian fishermen, in whose nets such “fish”, beware to use these networks again – you can easily go to the hospital, so strong poison secreted by jellyfish. Continue reading
For each fish farm must be created its own technological scheme taking into account the strengths and weaknesses of a particular company. Choosing the most effective technology – the first and most important step towards the creation of fish farms.
Depending on the area of the reservoir, its other features the scheme is chosen for its operation. For example, a pond of large area is not effectively stocking of commercial fish. It is more profitable to conduct ichthyological work on the formation of such a species composition of ichthyofauna, which will be the most attractive for fishermen. For waterfront small area is easier to create a high density of valuable fish species and to maintain the desired strength by periodic delivery.
After the preparatory work and perform the required tests prepare the documents necessary to set up a farm. The primary document is a Fish breeding and biological justification, on the basis of which further prepare other documents. Continue reading