Under the collective name of soma mean — more than 2,000 species of baleen variety of fishes from 31 families. Most of them inhabit freshwater reservoirs 5 continents (only 1% of marine residents). Only in the rivers and lakes of South America is home to about 1000 species. often the body of the fish is covered with bony plates, or protected by spikes. Thanks to the auxiliary respiratory organs (skin, outgrowths of the Gill bars, etc.) soma is not drawoutline to oxygen. They are predominantly benthic lifestyle returnee also be armed and at night.
Ordinary som belongs to a 5-meter high giants, and a parasitic catfish no larger than 2.5 cm Elektroniskie soma can cause significant shocks, and castkova, kilbowie, etc. the vibration fins, swim bladder, etc. can make sounds. Attached to the bottom substrate by using the suction cups loricaria. security, etc. are held in swift current And blind Satan, Trogloglanis (South America) and Ugittflanis (Africa) settled deep underground in caves and artesian basins. Among them are quite transparent glass Physailia catfish, Tandanus, Parailia and others). Continue reading
We all know that water is life. Without water can’t live no living creature. And the first life originated in water. Fish one of the many live organisms living in the aquatic environment. They live in the oceans and seas, rivers and lakes. You can see them in the pond and the stream, in the waters of caves and even in puddles. In nature, there are over 25,000 species of fish, and they are divided into two classes: Bony fish (more than 23 000 species); Cartilaginous fishes (9000 species).
To the class of cartilaginous fish include sharks, rays and chimeras. To the class of bony fish include salmon. okuneobraznyh. preobrazenie. clupeiformes. Cypriniformes, catfishes, wildcookie, flatfish, coloscopie.
Fish are cold blooded vertebrates. their streamlined body covered with scales. They breathe with gills, and with the help of fins and tail to swim. Water entering the body through the mouth, passes through the gills, and spilling over her holes. Oxygen enters the bloodstream Continue reading
Thus, the spawning period is defined more clearly than most tropical species, for which the importance is not so much the temperature, the amount of rainfall.
You can determine the start time of spawning, regularly measuring the temperature of the water in the pond, because the spawning usually begins at a temperature of about 20°C. At this temperature the eggs develop normally. Plus or minus 5 °C, and the fry will be deformed, because things will develop too quickly or too slowly.
Physical changes in the fish also indicate the approach of spawning. For example, the males of the family Cyprinidae appear white swellings, called tubercles. Fish such as Orfe, Rudd, goldfish and koi, the tubercles appearing on the Gill covers and pectoral fins, while Cipriani – along the scalp.
Some fishes, such as sticklebacks, coloring of the male becomes brighter, attracting mates and scaring off rivals. Females of all cold-water species become fuller males. Continue reading