Under the collective name of soma mean — more than 2,000 species of baleen variety of fishes from 31 families. Most of them inhabit freshwater reservoirs 5 continents (only 1% of marine residents). Only in the rivers and lakes of South America is home to about 1000 species. often the body of the fish is covered with bony plates, or protected by spikes. Thanks to the auxiliary respiratory organs (skin, outgrowths of the Gill bars, etc.) soma is not drawoutline to oxygen. They are predominantly benthic lifestyle returnee also be armed and at night.
Ordinary som belongs to a 5-meter high giants, and a parasitic catfish no larger than 2.5 cm Elektroniskie soma can cause significant shocks, and castkova, kilbowie, etc. the vibration fins, swim bladder, etc. can make sounds. Attached to the bottom substrate by using the suction cups loricaria. security, etc. are held in swift current And blind Satan, Trogloglanis (South America) and Ugittflanis (Africa) settled deep underground in caves and artesian basins. Among them are quite transparent glass Physailia catfish, Tandanus, Parailia and others). Continue reading
Thus, the spawning period is defined more clearly than most tropical species, for which the importance is not so much the temperature, the amount of rainfall.
You can determine the start time of spawning, regularly measuring the temperature of the water in the pond, because the spawning usually begins at a temperature of about 20°C. At this temperature the eggs develop normally. Plus or minus 5 °C, and the fry will be deformed, because things will develop too quickly or too slowly.
Physical changes in the fish also indicate the approach of spawning. For example, the males of the family Cyprinidae appear white swellings, called tubercles. Fish such as Orfe, Rudd, goldfish and koi, the tubercles appearing on the Gill covers and pectoral fins, while Cipriani – along the scalp.
Some fishes, such as sticklebacks, coloring of the male becomes brighter, attracting mates and scaring off rivals. Females of all cold-water species become fuller males. Continue reading
Sharks are found in open and coastal ocean waters. These mysterious creatures appeared on Earth 400 million barrels. years ago. Belong to cartilaginous fish. as their skeleton consists of cartilage. Cartilage is durable, and unlike the bones of fish, more flexible and light. They have no swim bladder. Afloat fish holds, thanks to its large but lightweight the liver. Her need to constantly move in order not to drown.
She swims, arching his whole body from side to side. Almost all of them when hunting using the electric field. Sharks capture him with the help of numerous electrical sensors that are on her face.
Many of them, it is not strange, they eat plankton. Plankton is a conglomeration of various microscopic and small organisms. Mainly unicellular plankton contains algae, which absorb solar energy, thereby transforming inorganic substances into organic food. Continue reading